The second edition of this popular title has been revised to reflect the needs of the current specifications. It examines the extent of poverty in England during the nineteenth century and the way in which society responded to this problem - from the replacement of the Old Poor Law with the New Poor Law in 1834 to the growing awareness of poverty in the latter part of the century, culminating in the Liberal reforms in the early twentieth century. A new chapter then goes on to look at how the two World Wars and the depression of the interwar period contributed to the establishment of the Welfare State. Throughout the book key dates, terms and issues are highlighted, and historical interpretations of key debates are outlined. Summary diagrams are included to consolidate knowledge and understanding of the period, and exam style questions and tips for each examination board provide the opportunity to develop exam skills.